Towards the establishment of the ranches, the royal road of the Californias was drawn largely based on trails made by nomadic and semi-nomadic indigenous people who were engaged in hunting, fishing, and gathering. For this reason, the natives knew perfectly the ecosystems, climates and water sources of the wild landscapes to perfection.

During the missionary stage, a large number of indigenous people adhered to the sedentary lifestyle that the missionaries established, and worked to achieve the missionary objectives, in this process the military, miners and travelers were also involved.

With the passage of time, the need for fixed economic activities was increasing, so that migration was giving way to the establishment of ranches.

Thus, in this period, sedentary lifestyles were strengthened by raising animals and agriculture, to become one of the most characteristic ways of life in Baja California.

The ranch lifestyle involved a particular relationship with the environment to make the most of the few resources.

Livestock work and the cultivation of family gardens included the development of rudimentary and particular technology to extract water and work the land, of techniques for processing animal products, such as skins for clothing and tools, or foods such as cheese and cheese. crush.

These communities have preserved until today, the essence of their origins, particularly those that were installed along the mountains.